書籍・雑誌

2012年5月18日 (金)

Shoichi Inoue and Tetsuzo Fuwa

Tetsuzo Fuwa is making remarks on the existence of the feudalism revolution for 400 years from the Kamakura Shogunate to the Tokugawa Shogunate many times.

It was not to have proven the real existence of feudalism revolution by Mr. Fuwa who was not the specialist .

How about the real existence of the feudalism revolution?

Shoichi Inoue who always writes interesting and entertaining books has written this book some seriously.

The description of the history of current Japan especially emphasizes the Kamakura Shogunate approval .
It keeps describing the extreme misinterpretation ofTokyo's having built up a sturdy political power escaping from the influence of weak Kyoto by "Tokyo-centered history view".

The history of Japan synchronizes with the history of the world.

The Han and the Roman Empire represent the ancient times. TheMiddle
Ages follows them. Feudalism is  the alias of this age.

Neither Asuka, Nara nor the Heian era that is called ancient times of Japan are actually
ancient times. At this point, it was the Middle Ages when it had already reflected after
the Han empire had collapsed.

Therefore, the history of Japan has no ancient times ,and ,have started from the Middle Ages.

It is not unusual, and the clan societies around the great empire, that is, Germanic various families and Japan are examples for it.

Therefore, the Kamakura Shogunate approval is not a big incident that draw the Middle Ages from ancient times, and there were no difference between the court noble and the samurai. It is a kernel of "Tokyo -centered historical view" ideology.

Then,the modern ages began in Renaissance of Europe the15 century and in Song dynasty of China the 10th century ,and in Ounin War of Japan the 15th century.Japanese life pattern after that has not changed basically. The feature at the early modern age is a start of the tendency to forming national states opposite to the
empire that bundles multi races ,the rise of commerce, the development of the money economy, and multiracial.

As the reason, the approval of the government of Edo was not to completion of feudalism, but further deepening at the early modern age though not being written clearly by Mr. Inoue. It continues naturally while becoming the mother's womb of capitalism at the Meiji era.

I sympathize at basic posture because world history is linked with the history of Japan.

"The feudalism revolution" is a word representing the "Tokyo -centered historical view in which Mr. Fuwa has been caught.

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2010年12月28日 (火)

Saeki Keisi"the Japanese Nation as I see it"

Political economist who represents the left wing in Japan Watanabe Osamu said to me, "Pay a little attention to Saeki
Keisi ".

Mr. Watanabe said, "His insistence as  a  communitarian is interesting", although Saeki is a typical critic of the right wing in Japan.

I bought Saeki 's "the Japanese Nation as I see it" (2010)in  a bookstore in Shin-Osaka  Station on December 23.

Saeki's  insistence opposed the Koizumi structural reform is sharp.

(50-page) "All the results do not belong to a  individual person because the individual ability appears socially  in cooperation with others " is completely corresponding to my  thought.

Saeki  opposes to the stockholder sovereignty theory of the company in support of Drucker who valued the social responsibility of the enterprise.  He wishes that the deterioration of people's living situations  will be stopped.

(Page 182)"Life and  speech activity of the person who opposes the  Japanese constitution after the war 2 is defended also  under the system of  present constitution ."

"A social community is more important than the individual" is corresponding to a social epidemiology for health.

Saeki points out the possibility that the global warfare happens because of a rapid gaining power of China and Russia at the end.

Saeki refers sharply  the possibility that small country Japan cornered to China and Russia makes the chance of the war、the scond  "manshu-jihen".

When  a political power   that  makes  the Self Defense Forces troop to Senkaku Islands and Chisima islands robs of the public prop, this will be realized.

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2010年8月11日 (水)

Fuwa Tetsuzo " Marx is alive" Heibonsha shinsyo,2009. 'in 1940 Stalin had approved the joining of the Soviet Union to the triple alliance (Japan-Germany- Italy Axis) and development into quadruple'

This book was  published  for poor  young  men  last  year,and sold considerably.

There is no especially new discoveries though some ideas on the description is felt .

But I feel  some admiration that the latest matter has been taken to a small book well.

In the chapter of materialism and dialectic, the history of materialism, dialectic, and physics is concisely explained.
That is,
①Hierarchy of nature on which Engels insist
②Opinion of Lenin "Even the electron is not completely understood".
③Discovery of meson by Yukawa Hideki
④Contribution of  Taketani mitsuo and Sakata Shoichi to theory of elementary particles
⑤Kobayashi -  Masukawa theory.
I think that it is very interested posture that Mr. Fuwa evaluates  Taketani Mitsuo  who seems to had  some distance with Japanese Communist Party.

In the chapter of economics, the whole image of the 'panic 'theory that would  be completed  by Marx  if he  were alive more is comprehensibly shown.  Mr. Fuwa  searches for the possibility of Marx .

In the chapter of the revolution theory, Stalin's changing in quality is described in detail. The fact that in 1940 Stalin had approved the joining of the Soviet Union to the triple alliance  (Japan-Germany- Italy  Axis) and development into quadruple  is important. It shivers in some respects the possibility that the worst non-human world arose after World War if it approves, though this was not realized by Hitler's policy reversal.

This book is considerably interesting for the person who is pursuing the writing of Mr. Fuwa.
.
However, it is a doubt whether the interest has neatly reached the reader because the description is a little monotonous.

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2010年7月 7日 (水)

As to education of bioethics in Japan: My brief memorandum

1:Kagawa Tomoaki ”Reflection on bioethics education:  at University"

-The bioethics education of Japan has started since the latter half of the 1980's. The content was the one that had been imported directly from the United States.

- When the development passage of the United States bioethics was traced, it started first as a criticism of "Paternalism in the medical treatment" . "Ethics of the medicine" obtained the opportunity that developed into "Bioethics" exceeding old   "Physicianship  ethics".

- The possibility that the nonspecialist talked about "Ethics of the medicine" was caused along with the patient's participation in the medical treatment. It is a concept that informed consent ranges to this, too.

- Mr.  Johnsen  who was the master of  Dr.Shirahama Masashi  explained that  major principles  of clinical ethics  are,
"Autonomy, favor (the profit in the maximum and  the harm  in the minimum ), and fair" .

- However, bioethics discovered another problem. It was  a problem of locating the development of new Medical Technology in the society.

- The rule of the human experimentation of the one of the medicine was made by
the society . The human experimentation of the disregard for human rights to the black and the prisoner was prohibited by the rule.
However, a national restriction of the brain death organ transplant became a problem assuming that it was more important than it. In the discussion,
the minimum ethics ,that says   "If  it  is  a self-decision, and if others are  not harmed, everything  is permitted"  became  a  principle .

- Engelhardt's "Concept of the character in the medicine" appeared while applying the the  minimum ethics principle  to the brain death organ transplant. He thought about a biological life and a character life distinguishing. That is, though the person who is the brain death is biologically alive, but  he already doesn't exist in the character, and has the significance of  his existence  only  by giving others his  internal organs .

This became bioethics grounds that affirmed the brain death organ transplant.

- Time in which introducing the United States bioethics becomes researcher's achievement continues for a long time in Japan. The bioethics education at the university is done under the flow.
Such Japanese bioethics  has no  future.

2: Ootani Izumi ."Narrative  on  the life and the death - to revolutionize Japanese  education  of the life and  the death  "

- "Education of the life and the death" is active in the elementary school and the junior high school in Japan. However, the author, Ootani   thinks  it  extremely dangerous.

- Because   the  bioethics education leads  no criticism for  an up-to-date medical treatment ,and the death education leads the affirmative of the medical expenses  for the elderly   

- In the bioethics education,  students are made to think "it is correct  that the life  on excessive life-sustaining treatment  is  meaningless,and  should refuse more treatment "
".

The education  that   teaches  the self-decision to exercise "Right-to-die  is imported  direct ly  from the United States.

- The educator should notice that such an inducement is wrong .

- A necessary education fosters the intellect that can recognize the cruel, non-human power relation concealed behind being insisted as common sense. Moreover, it overcomes the inside eugenics  thought  that ranks man by the ability, and starts abandoning man with inferior ability.

It discovers absolute value of man  that  exists  in  every bodies.

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