« ’ Health Promotion for Jusitice’・・・New name for New stage of the Health -Strategy to aim at the right to health | トップページ | My Min-i-ren(2) »

2023年6月17日 (土)

MY Min-i-ren(1)

The Min-i-ren movement is not just a post-World War II democratization movement in Japanese healthcare that continues to this day. It aims to inherit the entirety of the history of popular-oriented healthcare in Japan. It may possibly trace its roots to the depths of Japanese history.

Examples of this history include medical practices by Buddhist monk Ninsho in the Kamakura period (13th century), the book "Yojokun" by Kaibara Ekiken in the early Edo period (17th century), and the book "Shizensineido" by Ando Shoeki in the mid-Edo period (18th century). Among them, Ninsho conducted a wide range of medical activities for patients, including those with leprosy, based at Gokurakuji Temple in Kamakura. Ando Shoeki, on the other hand, was a staunch advocate of equality and a fierce critic of the feudalistic caste system during the Edo period. The Min-i-ren movement is not simply a post-World War II democratization movement in Japanese healthcare.

Instead, it seeks to carry forward the entirety of the history of popular-oriented healthcare in Japan, which may potentially delve deep into the roots of Japanese history. However, further elaboration on these matters is not possible.

The direct predecessor of the Min-i-ren movement is the "Musansya Sinryosho" movement, a proletarian healthcare institution movement born out of the convergence of popular-oriented healthcare and Marxism before World War II. The movement to establish healthcare institutions for workers and farmers, sparked by the funeral of assassinated Labor-Farmer Party representative Yamamoto Senji, quickly spread nationwide. However, this movement was violently crushed by pre-war militaristic Japan.

After World War II, the Min-i-ren, established in 1953, aimed to inherit the pre-war Musansya Sinryosho movement and not only merged with Marxism but also integrated with various ideologies, which has become a characteristic feature of the movement today.

Among these integrations, the confluence with Article 25 of the Japanese Constitution, "the right to a minimum standard of living," the confluence with the "right to health" represented by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the convergence with the WHO's health strategies have occurred continuously in a relatively short period. As a result, the recent aspect of the Min-i-ren movement has significantly changed compared to the first half of its history.

Therefore, in this discussion, I would like to trace the changes in the ideology of the Min-i-ren movement regarding two controversial issues: (1) the right to life or the right to health, and (2) the Declaration of the Right to Health or the WHO's health strategies.

  1. Rediscovery and convergence of Article 25 of the Constitution, the right to life

Article 25 of the Japanese Constitution:

"All people shall have the right to maintain the minimum standards of wholesome and cultured living."

The Japanese Constitution was established shortly after World War II under the strong guidance of the General Headquarters of the Allied Occupation (GHQ) (1947). It was a groundbreaking document that advocated peaceful survival rights, national sovereignty, and the renunciation of war potential. However, reflecting the compromise of the US-Japan ruling class, it prioritized provisions regarding the Emperor, ensuring that the Emperor would not be held accountable for the war. Moreover, shortly after the Constitution was established, under the intensifying Cold War between the US and the Soviet Union, with Japan being de facto subjugated by the US, the US began its efforts to modify Japan's renunciation of war potential (Article 9). In the end, the Constitution could not be changed, and the unconstitutional Self-Defense Forces were established as Japan's, (be continued)

|

« ’ Health Promotion for Jusitice’・・・New name for New stage of the Health -Strategy to aim at the right to health | トップページ | My Min-i-ren(2) »

コメント

コメントを書く



(ウェブ上には掲載しません)




« ’ Health Promotion for Jusitice’・・・New name for New stage of the Health -Strategy to aim at the right to health | トップページ | My Min-i-ren(2) »