« 2010年6月 | トップページ | 2010年8月 »

2010年7月

2010年7月13日 (火)

Let's tell the story of 'Justice' just now.

The House of Councilors election voted on July 11 ended by the result in which the the Democratic Party retreted and the Liberal Democratic Party recovered . The excitement and the expectation of the change of power by the general election on August 30 2010 also disappeared. Only  that two main political parties have agreed  to greatly  raise  the consumption tax rate is remained.

The alternation from Hatoyama Cabinet to  Kan Cabinet means a substantial end of last year's change of power and the revival of the Koizumi restructuring.

Hatoyama former Prime Minister's essence is neoliberalism. However, he was conscious best of whether last year's change of power was supported by what kind of people's expectations. Therefore, he aimed at the achievement of the policy such as the transfer of the Futenma base outside the prefecture or to foreign, child treatments, and  making public high schools'  fee  free  to the last minute.

Mr. Hatoyama called the uneasiness of the United States and  Japanese financial circles and the hard repulsions by them, and became the result of surrender to them finally and the retirements. Mr. Ozawa who had been aiming at the revival of the profit inducement politics of the Tanaka Kakuei  type was repelled by them at the same time,too. Therefore,  Kan Cabinet has become a pure neoliberalism political power.

The promise of Kan  Cabinet to  Japanese  financial  circles was   the consumption tax hike and the corporate tax reduction. Kan Cabinet promised the United States  deepening  of mutual agreement of between Japan and the U.S..

Edano chief secretary directed the renewal of Constitution Research Council of the Democratic Party and stepped forward his foot in the direction of  Revision to the Constitution at the same time.

And, the result of the House of Councilors election is the worst. Non regular workes frightened to the dismissal and unemployment became with urban  businessmen in the higher classes whose profits are conflicted with non regular workers essentially , and supported neoliberalism parties,Democratic Party, Liberal Democratic Party, and "Minnnanotou " Party .

Recall Marx's writing "Brumaire18 of Louis Bonaparte " (1852). The constituent  may choose the  political power that suppresses and persecutes himself.

By  this reason  Koizumi Cabinet had become long-term political power.

Today's situation is more serious.

It is certain that medicine, nursing, welfare, and education will be further rounded down under the pretext of "Regional sovereignty" in the future.

Now,the book of Michael J. Sandel 's "Let's tell the story of 'Justice' in the future" (Hayakawa Publishing) is best-selling . It is citizens' common sense that talking about 'Justice' is necessary to oppose neoliberalism. We should also desperately talk about 'Justice' of the medicine,

nursing, and welfare.

| | コメント (0) | トラックバック (0)

2010年7月 7日 (水)

As to education of bioethics in Japan: My brief memorandum

1:Kagawa Tomoaki ”Reflection on bioethics education:  at University"

-The bioethics education of Japan has started since the latter half of the 1980's. The content was the one that had been imported directly from the United States.

- When the development passage of the United States bioethics was traced, it started first as a criticism of "Paternalism in the medical treatment" . "Ethics of the medicine" obtained the opportunity that developed into "Bioethics" exceeding old   "Physicianship  ethics".

- The possibility that the nonspecialist talked about "Ethics of the medicine" was caused along with the patient's participation in the medical treatment. It is a concept that informed consent ranges to this, too.

- Mr.  Johnsen  who was the master of  Dr.Shirahama Masashi  explained that  major principles  of clinical ethics  are,
"Autonomy, favor (the profit in the maximum and  the harm  in the minimum ), and fair" .

- However, bioethics discovered another problem. It was  a problem of locating the development of new Medical Technology in the society.

- The rule of the human experimentation of the one of the medicine was made by
the society . The human experimentation of the disregard for human rights to the black and the prisoner was prohibited by the rule.
However, a national restriction of the brain death organ transplant became a problem assuming that it was more important than it. In the discussion,
the minimum ethics ,that says   "If  it  is  a self-decision, and if others are  not harmed, everything  is permitted"  became  a  principle .

- Engelhardt's "Concept of the character in the medicine" appeared while applying the the  minimum ethics principle  to the brain death organ transplant. He thought about a biological life and a character life distinguishing. That is, though the person who is the brain death is biologically alive, but  he already doesn't exist in the character, and has the significance of  his existence  only  by giving others his  internal organs .

This became bioethics grounds that affirmed the brain death organ transplant.

- Time in which introducing the United States bioethics becomes researcher's achievement continues for a long time in Japan. The bioethics education at the university is done under the flow.
Such Japanese bioethics  has no  future.

2: Ootani Izumi ."Narrative  on  the life and the death - to revolutionize Japanese  education  of the life and  the death  "

- "Education of the life and the death" is active in the elementary school and the junior high school in Japan. However, the author, Ootani   thinks  it  extremely dangerous.

- Because   the  bioethics education leads  no criticism for  an up-to-date medical treatment ,and the death education leads the affirmative of the medical expenses  for the elderly   

- In the bioethics education,  students are made to think "it is correct  that the life  on excessive life-sustaining treatment  is  meaningless,and  should refuse more treatment "
".

The education  that   teaches  the self-decision to exercise "Right-to-die  is imported  direct ly  from the United States.

- The educator should notice that such an inducement is wrong .

- A necessary education fosters the intellect that can recognize the cruel, non-human power relation concealed behind being insisted as common sense. Moreover, it overcomes the inside eugenics  thought  that ranks man by the ability, and starts abandoning man with inferior ability.

It discovers absolute value of man  that  exists  in  every bodies.

| | コメント (0) | トラックバック (0)

« 2010年6月 | トップページ | 2010年8月 »